General Measures like boiling milk, preventing overcrowding, proper nutrition, creating awareness, seeking early treatment.
It was explained how in a country like India 30 out of every 100 people are at risk of infection of the disease while 1.5 cases occur every 1000 population per year emphasizing the role of the preventive and nutritional aspects in prevention of the disease.
Mode of transmission, symptoms which should arise suspicion was discussed. Many misconceptions were clarified and it was good to see that the participants were enthusiastic.
Importance of sputum test in diagnosis as well as line of treatment was emphasized as majority did not know about the sputum test and agreed that many practitioners did not even get the patients tested for it before starting the treatment.
DOTS treatment and DOTS centre was also discussed. The need to link the services was felt as the participants had very faint idea of the government services provided. The preventive aspects were discussed at length.
Importance of BCG vaccination was stressed and the participants were told that the ANM (auxiliary nurse midwife) comes to their village once a month on Wednesday for immunization. They were requested that if they would ensure vaccination of the children of their village they would do a lot for the people of their community.
How do Respiratory Infections spread?
Signs and Symptoms
With 5 attacks of ARI in a year and 13% of the hospital deaths of under 5 children (not to count the deaths at home) the importance of ARI was explained.
Mode of transmission and signs and symptoms were discussed. Danger signs which need urgent referral to hospitals were explained.
Prevention, Kangaroo mother care, DPT and Measles vaccination were discussed.
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